Soil fertility and organic matter in Vertisol and Ultisol under forest and pasture coverage

  • Arcângelo Loss Professor Adjunto, Centro de Ciências Agrárias, Departamento de Engenharia Rural, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Itacorubi, Florianópolis, SC, 88034000, Brazil. E-mail: arcangelo.loss@ufsc.com.br; arcangeloloss@yahoo.com.br
  • Marcos Gervasio Pereira UFRRJ
  • Thiago Andrade Bernini
  • Natália Pereira Zatorre UFRRJ
  • Paulo Guilherme Salvador Wadt

Abstract

This study evaluated the changes in soil fertility and soil organic matter (SOM) fractions, afterremoval of the forest and establishment of Urochloa brizantha under Vertisol and Ultisol at Acrestate, Brazil. Samples were collected from soil at depths of 0-5 and 5-10 cm, both under naturalforest and pasture. We quantified soil testing fertility and carbon (C), nitrogen (N) and soil humicsubstances (humin, humic and fulvic acids) contents. We also quantified the particulate organicC (POC), organic carbon associated with soil minerals (OCAM) and carbon oxidizable fractions .Found higher values of Ca, Mg and P in the forest (Vertisol) and pasture (Ultisol). The highest levelsof C and N were observed for (0-5 cm) and forest (5-10 cm), independent of the soil assessed. Thearea of forest showed higher levels of C and N of the humin fraction (Vertisol). Under Ultisol, thispattern was observed in the pasture. The conversion of the area of forest to pasture, even with eightto ten years old, have not restored a balance between the oxidizable fraction C and POC whencompared with the levels recorded in the forest, independent soil evaluated.

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Author Biographies

Arcângelo Loss, Professor Adjunto, Centro de Ciências Agrárias, Departamento de Engenharia Rural, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Itacorubi, Florianópolis, SC, 88034000, Brazil. E-mail: arcangelo.loss@ufsc.com.br; arcangeloloss@yahoo.com.br

Professor Adjunto, Centro de Ciências Agrárias, Departamento de Engenharia Rural, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, SC, 88034-000.

Marcos Gervasio Pereira, UFRRJ
Professor Associado, Instituto de Agronomia, Departamento de Solos, Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro, Seropédica, RJ, 2389000, Brazil.
Thiago Andrade Bernini
Instituto Federal de Educação, Ciência e Tecnologia do Rio de Janeiro, Unidade Pinheiral.
BR 465 Km 7
27197-000 - Pinheiral, RJ - Brasil
Natália Pereira Zatorre, UFRRJ
Doutorando do Curso de Pós-Graduação em Agronomia – Ciência do solo, UFRRJ, BR 465, km 7, Seropédica, RJ, 23890-000
Paulo Guilherme Salvador Wadt

Pesquisador da Embrapa Acre, Rodovia BR 364 - Km 14, 69908-970 - Rio Branco, AC – Brasil.

 

Published
30-03-2014
How to Cite
Loss, A., Pereira, M. G., Bernini, T. A., Zatorre, N. P., & Wadt, P. G. S. (2014). Soil fertility and organic matter in Vertisol and Ultisol under forest and pasture coverage. Comunicata Scientiae, 5(1), 1-10. https://doi.org/10.14295/cs.v5i1.406
Section
Original Article