Control of the South American fruit fly in pear with natural-based products
Keywords:Anastrepha fraterculus, essential oils, development, toxicity
This study aimed to assess, in laboratory conditions, the effect of andiroba oil (2L 100L-1), kaolin (7.5Kg 100L-1), azadirachtin (2.5L 100L-1), metidationa (100mL 100L-1) and distilled water (control) on the oviposition and mortality of adults of A.fraterculus in no-choice and free-choice tests. The experimental design was randomized with five treatments and 20 replicatesfor the no-choice test; and 15 replicates for the free-choice test. Fruits were immersed in each treatment solution, dried at room temperature and placed in pots with two couples of A. fraterculus (no-choice test) and in arenas with four couples along with a fruit that was previously immersed in water (free-choice test).Twenty-five days after infestation, fruits were dissecated and the number of larvae was recorded as well the number of pupae and adults. Only methidathion was effective on adults with mortality of 91.3% (P<0.05). There was no larval emergence and, consequently, pupae and adult development in fruits treated with andiroba oil and methidathion in both tests. Azadirachtin and kaolin did not present any effect on A. fraterculus. Andiroba oil was effective on the reduction of the infestation of pear fruits by A. fraterculus.
Ambrozin, A.R.P., Leite, A.C.; Bueno, F.C., Vieira, P.C., Fernandes, J.B., Bueno, O.C., Silva, M.F.G.F., Pagnocca, F.C., Hebling, M.J.A., Junior, M.B. 2006. Limonoids from Andiroba oil and Cedrela fissilis and their insecticidal activity. Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society 17: 542-547.
Bittencourt, A.L, Cova. A.K.W., Silva, A.C.M., Silva, V.E.S., Bomfim, Z.V., Araujo. E.L., Souza-Filho, M.F. 2006. Espécies de moscas-das-frutas (Tephritidae) obtidas em armadilhas McPhail no Estado da Bahia, Brasil. Sêmina: Ciências Agrárias 27: 561-564.
Braham, M., Pasqualini, E., Ncira, N. 2007. Efficacy of kaolin, spinosad and malathion against Ceratitis capitata in Citrus orchards. Bulletin of insectology 60: 39-47.
Carvalho, R.S. 2006. Biocontrole de moscas-das-frutas: histórico, conceitos e estratégias. Embrapa mandioca e fruticultura tropical, Cruz das Almas, Brasil. 5p. (Circular Técnica, 83).
Catehouse, J.A. 2002. Plant resistance toward insect herbivores: a dynamic interaction. New Phytologist 156: 145-169.
Charleston, D.S., Kfir, R., Vet, L.E.M., Dicke, M. 2005. Behavioural responses of diamondback moth Plutella xylostella (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae) to extracts derived from Melia azedarach and Azadirachta indica. Bulletin of Entomological Research 95: 457-465.
Champagne, D.E., Koul, O. Isman, M.B., Scudder, G.G.E., Towers, G.H. 1992. Biological activity of limonoids from the rutales. Phytochemistry 31: 377-394.
Daniel, D. 2014. Rhagoletis cerasi: Oviposition reduction effects of oil products. Insects 5: 319-331.
Freire, D.C.B., Brito-Filha, C.R.C., Carvalho-Zilse, G.A. 2006. Efeito dos óleos vegetais de andiroba (Carapa sp.) e Copaíba (Copaifera sp.) sobre forídeos, pragas de colméias, (Diptera: Phoridae) na Amazônia Central. Acta Amazônica 36: 365-368.
Glenn, D.M., Puterka, G.J. 2005. Particles films: a new technology for agriculture. Horticultural Reviews 31: 1-44.
Gonçalves, P.A.S., Debarba, J.F., Keske, C. 2005. Incidência da mosca-das-frutas, Anastrepha fraterculus (Diptera: Tephritidae), em cultivares de ameixa conduzidas sob sistema orgânico. Revista de Ciências Agroveterinárias 4: 101-108.
Hidayat, Y., Heather, N., Hassan, E. 2013. Repellency and oviposition deterrence effects of plant essential and vegetable oils against female Queensland fruit fly Bactrocera tryoni (Froggatt) (Diptera: Tephritidae). Australian Journal of Entomology 52: 379-386.
Hochuli, D.F. 2001. Insect herbivory and ontogeny: How do growth and development influence feeding behavior, morphology and host use. Austral Ecology 26: 563-570.
Isman, M.B. 2006. Botanical insecticides, deterrents, and repellents in modern agriculture and an increasingly regulated world. Annual Review of Entomology 51: 45-66.
Khattak, M.K., Rashid, M.M., Abdullah, K. 2009. Effect of neem derivatives on infestation, settling and oviposition of melon fruit fly (Bactrocera cucurbitae Coq.) (Tephritidae: Diptera). Pakistan Entomologist 31: 11-16.
Lemoyne, P., Vicent, C., Gaul, S., Mackenzie, K. 2008. Kaolin affects blueberry maggot on fruit. Journal of Economic Entomology 101: 118-125.
Leskey, T.C., Wright, S.E., Glenn, M., Puterka, G.J. 2010. Effect of surround WP on behavior and mortality of apple maggot (Diptera: Tephritidae), Journal of Economic Entomology 103: 394-401.
Maia, M.F., Moore, S.J. 2011. Plant-based insect repellents: a review of their efficacy, development and testing. Malaria Journal 10: 1-15.
Miot, H.A., Batistella, R.F., Batista, K.A., Volpato, D.E.C., Augusto, L.S.T., Madeira, N.G., Haddad, V., Miot, L.D.B. 2004. Comparative study of the topical effectiveness of the andiroba oil (Carapa guianensis) and DEET 50% as repellent for Aedes sp. Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo46: 253-256.
Nunes, M.Z., Santos, R.S.S., Boff, M.I.C., Rosa, J.M. 2013. Bioatividade de extratos vegetais e inseticidas microbianos sobre lagartas de Chabuata major (Gueneé, 1852) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Entomotropica 28: 11-16.
Rosa, J.M., Boff, M.I.C., Gonçalves, P.A., Boff, P., Nunes, M.Z. 2013. Andiroba oil (Carapa guianensis Aubl) in the capture of the fruit fly ( Anastrepha fraterculus Wiedemann) in Feijoa (Acca sellowiana (Berg) Burret). Idesia (Arica) 31: 97-101.
Scoz, P.L., Botton, M., Garcia, M.S. 2004. Controle químico de Anastrepha fraterculus (Wied.) (Diptera: Tephritidae) em laboratório. Ciência Rural 34: 1689-1694.
Silva, M.A., Bezerra-Silva, G.C.D., Vendramim, J.D., Mastrangelo, T. 2013. Sublethal effect of neem extract on mediterranean fruit fly adults. Revista Brasileira de Fruticultura 35: 93-101.
Verde, G.L., Caleca, V., Verde, V.L. 2011. The use of kaolin to control Ceratitis capitata in organic citrus groves. Bulletin of Insectology 64: 127-134.
Zenzon M., Trazilbo J.P.J., Panelli A. 2005. Controle Alternativo de Pragas e Doenças, EPAMIG, Viçosa, Brasil, 362p.
How to Cite
All articles published may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means whether specified Comunicata Scientiae, author(s), volume, pages and year. The authors are responsible for all the statements and concepts contained in the article.