Nutrition behavior of olive trees with the application of organomineral fertilizer
Keywords:Barnea, fertilization, Grappolo 541, Olea europeae L., plant nutrition
AbstractThe application of organomineral fertilizers has been used to reach the nutrient demand of plants, because this practice can reduce the need for chemical sources, favoring the improvement of soil structure and utilization of nutrients by plants. Thus, this study was done to evaluate the nutritional behavior of two olive varieties with reduction of chemical fertilization and application of organomineral fertilizer. The research was conducted in the city of Diamantina, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Three-years-old olive tree varieties ‘Barnea’ and ‘Grappolo 541’, cultivated at a spacing of 5 m between rows and 3 m between plants on Quartzarenic Neosol were evaluated. The 4 x 2 factorial design was used, being the factors four fertilization and two varieties. Fertilization consisted of 100%, 75%, 50%, 0% of mineral fertilization recommended for olive tree, distributed in a randomized block design with three blocks and three plants per plot. In all the olive trees were applied three liters of organomineral fertilizer. To assess the levels of nutrients, soil and leaf samples were taken before and at eight months after the treatments. The application of threes liters of organomineral fertilizer provided appropriate nutrient levels in the leaves of olive tree varieties ‘Barnea’ and ‘Grappolo 541’ with 100% of reduction of chemical fertilizer.
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