Pitahaya (Hylocereus spp.): a short review

  • Yolanda Donají Ortiz-Hernández Instituto Politécnico Nacional, Santa Cruz Xoxocotlán, Oaxaca, Mexico
  • José Alfredo Carrillo-Salazar Colegio de Postgraduados en Ciencias Agrícolas, Texcoco, Mexico, Mexico
Keywords: Cactaceae, epiphytic cacti, climbing cacti, pitaya, pitahaya

Abstract

Hylocereus is a native American cactus of varied habits and widely distributed from the Floridacoast to Brazil. The fruit is known under several commercial and native names, but “pitahaya” or“pitaya” prevails all around. The genus contains 14 species and it is part of the subtropical andtropical American rainforests. It is common to find Hylocereus in family gardens in Central America,where it is traditionally used as food and medicine. Commercial plantations are distributed aroundthe world due to its agronomic, industrial and economic importance. Hylocereus species cultivatedaround the world are mainly H. undatus, H. monacanthus and H. megalanthus. Research relatedto Hylocereus has increased significantly in the fields of taxonomy, anatomy, physiology, genetics,biochemistry, medicine, agronomy and industry, but there is still too much to do. This documentdescribes part of Hylocereus history, technological advances and it provides perspectives ofresearch and usage of this emerging crop.

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Published
19-12-2012
How to Cite
Ortiz-Hernández, Y., & Carrillo-Salazar, J. (2012). Pitahaya (Hylocereus spp.): a short review. Comunicata Scientiae, 3(4), 220-237. https://doi.org/10.14295/cs.v3i4.334
Section
Review Article