Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi as mitigating agents of salt stress in Formosa papaya seedlings
The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effect of mycorrhization on the nutritional, hydric and biochemical components of papaya seedlings, Carica papaia L., from the Formosa Group, Hybrid Tainung Nº 1, submitted to irrigation with saline water. The research was conducted at the Federal Institute of Paraíba, Sousa Campus, from March to December 2018. The experimental design used completely randomized blocks, with treatments arranged in a 4 x 5 factorial scheme, referring to the fungi species: Gigaspora candida, Acaulospora scrobiculata, Dentiscutata heterogama and without mycorrhizae, and the five salt concentrations in irrigation water: 0.0; 10.0; 20.0; 30.0 and 40.0 mmolc L-1 in four repetitions. The characteristics evaluated were: relative water content, water saturation deficit, membrane damage, photosynthetic pigments, concentration and accumulation of nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, sodium and the relationship between potassium and sodium concentrations in leaf tissue. The species D. heterogama and G. candida presented the highest rates of leaf hydration and the lowest damage to biomembranes at all saline levels. Mycorrhizae increased the absorption of N and P, especially from 30 mmolc L-1 of salt. A greater relationship between potassium and sodium concentrations was evidenced in seedlings mycorrhized with D. heterogama.
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