Chlorophyll fluorescence as a tool to select salinity-tolerant cowpea genotypes
The use of saline water reduces the growth and productivity of crops, so the need for techniques that make possible the use of this resource such as the use of salinity tolerant genotypes and efficient selection methods are of great importance. Thus, this study aimed to evaluate the tolerance of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. Walp.) genotypes to salt stress, through the chlorophyll fluorescence analysis. The experiment was conducted in a protected environment at the Federal University of Campina Grande, Paraíba, Brazil, using a completely randomized design in a 2 x 10 factorial arrangement, with three replications, consisting of two levels of irrigation water salinity (0.6 and 5.1 dS m-1) and ten cowpea genotypes: (G1: MNCO1-649F-2-1, G2: MNCO3-736F-2, G3: PINGO DE OURO-1-2, G4: BRS GURGUÉIA, G5: BRS MARATAOÃ, G6: MNCO2-676F-3, G7: MNCO2-683F-1, G8: MNCO3-737F-5-4, G9: MNCO3-737F-5-9, and G10: BRS TUMUCUMAQUE). The stem length, stem diameter, SPAD index, and chlorophyll fluorescence transients were evaluated. The G2 and G4 genotypes had the lowest reductions in the growth, stem diameter, initial fluorescence, and primary and maximum photochemical efficiency of PSII, proving to be tolerant to salinity. Chlorophyll fluorescence is a tool that can be used in the selection of salinity-tolerant cowpea genotypes.
Copyright (c) 2019 Jaima Ribeiro de Andrade, Sebastião de Oliveira Maia Júnior, José Wilson da Silva Barbosa, Aryadne Ellen Vilar de Alencar, Raphael Silva Jovino, Ronaldo do Nascimento
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
All articles published may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means whether specified Comunicata Scientiae, author(s), volume, pages and year. The authors are responsible for all the statements and concepts contained in the article.