Carbohydrate content and season collection of cuttings from ‘Roxo de Valinhos’ fig tree


  • Jackson Mirellys Azevêdo Souza São Paulo State University, School of Agriculture (UNESP/FCA), Horticulture Department
  • Sarita Leonel São Paulo State University, School of Agriculture (UNESP/FCA), Horticulture Department
  • Marcelo de Souza Silva São Paulo State University, School of Agriculture (UNESP/FCA), Horticulture Department
  • Marcelo de Almeida Oliveira Júnior São Paulo State University, School of Agriculture (UNESP/FCA), Horticulture Department
  • Rafaelly Calsavara Martins São Paulo State University, School of Agriculture (UNESP/FCA), Horticulture Department
  • Ana Carolina Batista Bolfarini São Paulo State University, School of Agriculture (UNESP/FCA), Horticulture Department
  • Elma Machado Ataíde Rural Federal University of Pernambuco, Academic Unit of Serra Talhada (UFRPE/UAST)



Choosing the best season collection of cuttings is essential to have success with propagation, due mainly to carbohydrate content, since is a source of energy for roots and shoots development. In literature, there are no papers that associate the collection season of cuttings with carbohydrate contents in figs. Therefore, the current study aimed to evaluate carbohydrate contents and season collection of cuttings to propagate ‘Roxo de Valinhos’ fig tree. The experiment was conducted in a greenhouse; cuttings were collected in the first week of the following months: June, July, August and September. The design was in completely randomized blocks, with four replicates of 30 cuttings collected per season. The following traits were evaluated: carbohydrate content; percentage of root cuttings, bud cuttings, cuttings without bud and root; number of buds, leaves and roots per cutting; length of the largest root and bud; bud diameter; bud and root dry mass; and root volume. Results indicated high carbohydrate content in cuttings that were collected in August; therefore, the best month to collect cuttings of ‘Roxo de Valinhos’ fig tree in the city of São Manuel, state of São Paulo. This result is due to high percentage of rooted cuttings and better development. Furthermore, carbohydrate content mainly affects root growth; besides that, reducing sugars are the most important feature in the development of cuttings.


Download data is not yet available.


Agulló-Antón, M.A., Sánchez-Bravo, J., Acosta, M., Druege, U. 2011. Auxin of sugars: wat makes the difference in the adventitious rooting of stored carnation cuttings? Journal of Plant Growth Regulation 30(1): 100-113.

Borba, M.R.C., Scarpare Filho, J.A., Kluge, R.A. 2005. Levels of Carbohydrates in Peaches Submitted to Different Intensity of Green Pruning in Tropical Climate. Revista Brasileira de Fruticultura 27(1): 68-72.

Dalastra, I.M., Pio, R., Campagnolo, M.A., Dalastra, G.M., Chagas, E.A., Guimarães, V.F. 2009. Épocas de poda na produção de figos verdes ‘Roxo de Valinhos’ em sistema orgânico na região Oeste do Paraná. Revista Brasileira de Fruticultura 31(2): 447-453.

Dantas, B.F., Ribeiro, L.S., Pereira, M.S. 2007. Soluble and Insoluble Sugars Content in cv. Syrah Grapevine Leaves in Different Positions of the Branch and Seasons. Revista Brasileira de Fruticultura 29(1): 42-47.

FAO. Food and Agriculture Organization. 2013.

Ferreira, D.F. 2011. Sisvar: A computer statistical analysis system. Ciência e Agrotecnologia 35(6):1039-1042.

Hartmann, H.T., Kester, D.E., Davies Jr, F.T., Geneve, R.L. 2011. Plant propagation: principles and practices. São Paulo: Prentice-Hall. 915p.

IBGE. Lavoura permanente: quantidade produzida de figo. 2015. <

Kotz, T.E., Pio, R., Chagas, E.A., Campagnolo, M.A., Bettiol Neto, J.E., Tadeu, M.H. 2011. Época de coleta das estacas, do uso de fitorregulador de enraizamento e de diferentes tipos de enxertos na produção de mudas de figueira 'Roxo de Valinhos'. Semina. Ciências Agrárias 32(1): 29-36.

Marafon, A.C., Citadin, I., Amarante, L., Herter, F.G., Hawerroth, F.J. 2011. Chilling privation during endodormancy period disturbs carbohydrate mobilization in Japanese pear. Scientia Agricola 68(4): 462-468.

Nava, G.A., Júnior, A.W., Mezzalira, E.J., Cassol, D.A., Alegretti, A.L. 2014. Rooting of hardwood cuttings of Roxo de Valinhos fig (Ficus carica L.) with different propagation strategies. Revista Ceres 61(1): 989-996.

Nelson, N. 1944. Aphotometric adaptation of somogi method for determination of glicose. Journal Biological Chemistry 153: 375-380.

Nogueira, A.P.O., Sediyama, T., Sousa, L.B., Hamawaki, O.T., Cruz, C.D., Pereira, D.G., Matsuo, E., Matsuo, É. 2012. Análise de trilha e correlações entre caracteres em soja cultivada em duas épocas de semeadura. Bioscience Journal 28: 877-888.

Ohland, T., Pio, R., Chagas, E.A., Barbosa, W., Dalastra, I.M., Kotz, T.E. 2009. Enraizamento de estacas apicais lenhosas de figueira ‘Roxo de Valinhos’ com a aplicação de AIB e cianamida hidrogenada. Revista Brasileira de Fruticultura 31(1): 273-279.

Ramos, D.P., Leonel, S., Damatto Júnior, E.R. 2008. Avaliação da época de estaquia e uso de bioregulador no enraizamento de estacas de figueira. Revista Brasileira de Fruticultura 30: 748-753.

Rickes, L.N., Simoes, F., Yamamoto, R.R., Amarante, L., Herter, F.G. 2016. Dynamics of water and carbohydrate content in branches of peach tree during the winter in south region of Brazil. Revista Eletrônica Científica da UERGS 2: 37-42.

Sousa, C.M., Busquet, R.N., Vasconcellos, M.A.S., Miranda, R.M. 2013. Effects of auxin and misting on the rooting of herbaceous and hardwood cuttings from the fig tree. Revista Ciência Agronômica 44: 334-338.

Souza, A.V., Pereira, A.M.S. 2007. Enraizamento de plantas cultivadas in vitro. Revista Brasileira de Plantas Medicinais 9(4): 103-117.

Tomaz, Z.F.P., Schuch, M.W., Peil, R.M.N., Timm, C.R.F. 2014. Produção de mudas de pessegueiro via enxertia de gema ativa e dormente em sistema de cultivo sem solo. Revista Brasileira de Fruticultura 36: 1002-1008.

Veyres, N., Danon, A., Aono, M., Galliot, S., Karibasappa, Y.B., Diet, A., Grandmottet, F., Tamaoki, M., Lesur, D., Pilard, S., Boitel-Conti, M., Sangwan-Norreel, B.S., Sangwan, R.S. 2008. The Arabidopsis sweetie mutant is affected in carbohydrate metabolism and defective in the control of growth, development and senescence. The Plant Journal 55: 665-686.

Waldie, T., Hayward, A., Beveidge, C.A. 2010. Axillary bud outgrowth in herbaceous shoots:how do strigolactones fit into the picture? Plant Molecular Biology 73: 27-36.

Yamamoto, R.R., Horigane, A.K., Yoshida, M., Sekozawa, Y., Sugaya, S., Gemma, H. 2010. “Floral primordia necrosis” incidence in mixed buds of japanese pear (Pyrus pyrifolia (Burm.) Nakai var. culta) ‘Housui’ grown under mild winter conditions and the possible relation with water dynamics. Journal of the Japanese Society for Horticultural Science 79(3): 246–257.

Zaccheo, P.V.C., Aguiar, R.S., Stenzel, N.M.C., Neves, C.S.V.J. 2013. Tamanho de recipientes e tempo de formação de mudas no desenvolvimento e produção de maracujazeiro-amarelo. Revista Brasileira de Fruticultura 35: 603-607.




How to Cite

Souza, J. M. A., Leonel, S., Silva, M. de S., Oliveira Júnior, M. de A., Martins, R. C., Bolfarini, A. C. B., & Ataíde, E. M. (2019). Carbohydrate content and season collection of cuttings from ‘Roxo de Valinhos’ fig tree. Comunicata Scientiae, 10(1), 125–131.



Original Article