Substrates on the cuttings rooting of black pepper genotypes

Welington Secundino, Rodrigo Sobreira Alexandre, Edilson Romais Schmildt, Omar Schmildt, Kristhiano Chagas, Helder Ivo Pandolf Marques

Abstract


The soil in the production of clonal seedlings of black pepper (Piper nigrum L.) contributes to fusarium and nematodes infestation in commercial crops, and thus the usage of alternative substrates might be a preventive control measure against these pathogens. The aim of this study was to investigate the rhizogenic behavior of the cultivars Bragantina, Iaçará and Guajarina of black pepper in different substrates. The experimental design was in randomized blocks in a 3x4 factorial design (cultivars: Bragantina, Iaçará and Guajarina x substrates: soil + organic compound (18%), vermiculite, carbonized rice hulls and commercial substrate), with four replications of 16 cuttings each. The evaluated characteristics were: survival (%); rooting (basal or nodal) (%); nodal rooting (%); basal rooting (%); number of nodal roots; number of basal roots; total number of roots; length of the largest nodal root (cm); basal root length (cm); nodal root volume (cm3); basal root volume (cm3); Total root volume (cm3); nodal root dry mass (mg); basal root dry mass (mg) and the total root dry mass (mg). There are differences within black pepper cultivars as to the characteristics related to the root system. The vermiculite substrate was the most suitable, and carbonized rice hull is not recommended for the adventitious rooting of cuttings of cultivars Bragantina, Iaçará and Guajarina.


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.14295/cs.v9i4.2137

Copyright (c) 2019 Welington Secundino, Rodrigo Sobreira Alexandre, Edilson Romais Schmildt, Omar Schmildt, Kristhiano Chagas, Helder Ivo Pandolf Marques

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