Alternative to formaldehyde in artificial diet for sugarcane borer and its effects on the parasitoid

Wellington Ivo Eduardo, Renato Franco Oliveira de Moraes, Luiz Fernando Veloso Almeida, Josy Aparecida dos Santos, Rafael Ferreira dos Santos, Sérgio Antônio De Bortoli

Abstract


The formaldehyde used as anti-contaminant agent in artificial diets of insects can cause serious risks to human health. However, there are products with the same purpose, but with less toxicity to humans. In this sense, the aim of this study was to evaluate the biological parameters of Diatraea saccharalis (Fabricius, 1794) (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) fed on an artificial diet containing different anti-infective agents to replace the formaldehyde, as well as analyze the effects on its parasitoid Cotesia flavipes (Cameron, 1891) (Hymenoptera: Braconidae). The experiment was conducted under a completely randomized design, studying the anti-contaminant agents: sodium benzoate, potassium sorbate, 2-phenylphenol, and formaldehyde (standard diet), with deionized water as control. The larvae of sugarcane borer were fed on diets with the cited agents, and were daily observed for: larval and pupal periods, larval and pupal viabilities, number of unviable larvae, longevity, pupae weight, sex ratio and the adults fecundity. To analyze the effects of the anti-contaminant agents on the C. flavipes parasitoid, 50 larvae of sugarcane borer were parasitized and daily observed until the parasitoid pupae formation, being evaluated: number of adults emerged per pupal mass, longevity and sex ratio. D. saccharalis larvae are positively influenced by replacing formaldehyde to 2-phenylphenol in their diet, not causing significant deleterious effects to C. flavipes.


Keywords


Diatraea saccharalis; Cotesia flavipes, mass rearing, anti-infective agents

Full Text:

PDF


DOI: https://doi.org/10.14295/cs.v8i1.1740

Comments on this article

View all comments


Copyright (c) 2017 Wellington Ivo Eduardo, Renato Franco Oliveira de Moraes, Luiz Fernando Veloso Almeida, Josy Aparecida dos Santos, Rafael Ferreira dos Santos, Sérgio Antônio De Bortoli

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.